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By Andrew Cox

The focal point of the ebook is a dialogue of the adversary foundation of get together politics in Britain and its inimical impression on potential land guidelines because the moment global conflict. specific emphasis is put on the scope for, and foundation of coverage initiation via Conservative and Labour governments within the face of the cumulative social, monetary, bureaucratic and political constraints which impinge at the policy-making technique. Dr Cox argues that those constraints go away just a particularly constrained room for manoeuvres by way of governments and that the majority of the post-war rules of Conservative and Labour governments were initiated in lack of awareness of those constraints. thus, post-war guidelines have failed in implementation both by means of producing estate hypothesis or by means of hindering city improvement.

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20 That betterment, resulting from specific state activities, should be recouped by the state came to be generally accepted by 1902. Following from this the Liberal government, in the 1902 Housing and Town Planning Act, was able to give those local authorities desiring them, powers to plan developments on the fringe of their towns and to raise a levy of 50 per cent on any site value rises due to their planning schemes. 21 Obviously Liberal measures did not envisage anything more than a limited state intervention of a regulatory and partially fiscal nature.

Thus, refusal of planning permission or the siting of a sewage works next to a piece of property may have a marked effect in lowering values. 11 This argument appears sensible and not particularly problematic at first sight, yet it becomes so when the state begins to play a major role in controlling and planning competitive land uses in the interests of the community at large. Once the state controls development, owners who are refused planning permission to develop can claim that but for this refusal they might have developed their land to its most profitable use, and that the state has heavily penalised them in the interest of sound History of land and property policy (i 845-1945) 29 planning.

27 A totally planned and controlled socialist economy along the Soviet model was not unequivocally supported by all sections of the Labour movement in the 1930s. Labour intellectuals, like Durbin and Wootton, espoused a more limited commitment - to state indicative planning, with nationalisation confined to industries which had failed the nation. 28 The lack of agreement was to cause great difficulty for the Labour Party in office because, in opposition, the reaffirmation History of land and property policy (i845-1945) 33 of socialism always tended to mask the lack of consensus in the Party over what it was to mean in practice.

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