Download Advances in the Study of Bilingualism by Enlli Mon Thomas, Ineke Mennen PDF

By Enlli Mon Thomas, Ineke Mennen

This ebook offers a modern method of the learn of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from major specialists within the box, this ebook brings jointly - in one quantity - a variety of the intriguing paintings carried out as a part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for examine on Bilingualism in thought and perform at Bangor college, Wales.

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By this definition, vowels are the most sonorous sounds, followed by approximants, liquids and nasals, with fricatives and stops the least sonorous. Thus, the reduction of a stop + approximant cluster to a stop, for instance, involves a greater rise in sonority than if the same cluster had been reduced to an approximant. Over time, the occurrence of cluster reduction diminishes, whereas cluster simplifications increase. Cluster simplifications occur when all elements of a cluster are produced but at least one of them differs from the adult norm.

However, English three-element clusters were: /spl/ and /spr/, for instance, were realised as [spw], and /skw/ as [skɹ]. Also, in a few instances, three-element clusters reduced to double ones involved simplifications. For example, /spr/ was realised as [pw], /str/ as [sp], [tw] or [ɬt]. Discussion A total of 41 Welsh-English bilingual children aged 2;6 to 6;0, half of whom were Welsh-dominant, the other half English-dominant, were assessed in a picture-naming task. The data were analysed in terms of the accuracy with which onset clusters were produced in the two languages.

Rate of acquisition No previous data on Welsh cluster acquisition are available. , 1990; Templin, 1957), the bilingual children in the present study exhibited a considerably faster rate of acquisition. Thus, they managed to acquire all clusters, except /fr/, /skr/ and /θr/ by 5;0. In contrast, Smit et al. (1990) report that a number of Speech Lear ning in Bilingual s 21 additional clusters, including /sl/,/sm/,/sn/,/skw/,/spl/,/spr/ and /str/, had not yet reached the 75% acquisition threshold by 5;0.

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