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By Stuart A. Rice

The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence offers the leading edge in each zone of the self-discipline and gives the sector with a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances. It offers a piece of writing framework that makes the publication a superb complement to complex graduate periods, with contributions from specialists around the globe and a convenient thesaurus for simple reference on new terminology. This sequence is an excellent advisor for college students and pros in chemical physics and actual chemistry, from academia, govt, and industries together with chemical substances, prescription drugs, and polymers.

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17. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990). 18. H. S. Tan, E. Schreiber, and W. S. Warren, Opt. Lett. 27, 439 (2002). 19. H. S. Tan and W. S. Warren, Opt. Exp. 11, 1021 (2003). 20. T. Witte, K. L. Kompa, and M. Motzkus, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76, 467 (2003). 21. T. Witte, D. Zeidler, D. Proch, K. L. , Opt. Lett. 27, 131 (2002). 22. M. A. Dugan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2348 (1997). 23. C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D.

Then, via Eq. (4) and for A ¼ H0;1, we find dhAit dhH0;1 it i hPit ¼ ¼ h½ÀREðtÞ; H0;1 Šit ¼ EðtÞ "h dt dt m ð19Þ This is the quantum mechanical analog of the classical expression Eq. (11), with the canonical momentum replaced by the expectation value of the momentum operator hPit. It is then clear that the choice EðtÞ ¼ l hPit m ð20Þ 38 volker engel, christoph meier, and david j. tannor V(R) (eV) 5 |1〉 4 E(t) excited-state dissociation 3 2 6 10 R (Å) 14 18 Figure 2. Scenario of a field induced photodissociation: upon energy absorption from an external field which follows the mean momentum of the system, the bond is broken.

This spectrum has many desirable characteristics. The peaks have absorptive lineshapes because both the rephasing and non-rephasing spectra are measured simultaneously and the spectra are properly phased. However, the peaks are broader than the intrinsic W(CO)6 linewidth, especially along opump , and the spectra exhibit aberrations that become especially grievous for T ¼ 200 fs. 6 cmÀ1). The monochromator resolution can be improved with a different grating, but narrowing the pump bandwidth leads to larger aberrations because the aberrations are caused by the exponential tail of the pump pulse overlapping in time with the probe pulse.

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