By Jonathan Franklin
On August five, 2010, on the San José mine in northern Chile, 33 males have been entombed 2,300 toes lower than the earth while a slab of rock the scale of a skyscraper sheared off the mountain and sealed close their merely entry to the skin. The miners have been stumbled on alive 17 days later, and for the following seven weeks after that discovery, as rescuers sought to convey them to the skin, the eyes of the realm shifted to this formerly vague nook of South the USA. greater than 2,000 newshounds and journalists flooded in to hide the drama. yet regardless of around the world curiosity, the media infrequently delved to both front strains of the rescue or under the skin of the tragedy. Locked in the back of police strains, so much newshounds have been diminished to months of interviewing kin and politicians. notwithstanding, award-winning journalist Jonathan Franklin was once the exception.
The print journalist with the main huge entry and contacts, Franklin mentioned, recorded, and filmed from front row of the operation because it opened up and, accordingly, was once afforded exceptional and particular entry to the miners and the rescuers. Now, for the 1st time ever, he tells their complete tale in 33 males: contained in the extraordinary Survival and Dramatic Rescue of the Chilean Miners
Franklin's prestige as a "local"--he has lived in Chile for sixteen years, speaks fluent Spanish, and has six daughters together with his Chilean wife--and his 25 years' adventure as an investigative reporter supplied him entry different reporters might simply dream of. for nearly six weeks he lived at the hillside that served because the rescue operation's nerve heart. He sat in on making plans conferences, pored over executive records, and recorded periods among the miners and the psychologists charged with taking care of their psychological health and wellbeing. He performed interviews with miners' households, rescue staff, engineers, drill operators, and so on, together with President Piñera of Chile. Even prior to the miners have been rescued, whereas they have been nonetheless underground, Franklin interviewed them through a makeshift mobile that attached them to the outside. "I sat during this box the place you'll decide up a cell, dial 11, and the telephone could ring down below," says Franklin, who constructed this kind of bond of belief with the miners that they defined in nice aspect the dramatic first 17 days in their confinement. bring to an end from the outside...
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Extra resources for 33 Men: Inside the Miraculous Survival and Dramatic Rescue of the Chilean Miners
The engineering notation for block identification is the most convenient for entering reservoir description (input) and for printing simulation results (output). Figure 2-4 shows the engineering notation for block identification in a 2D reservoir consisting of 4z5 blocks. Block ordering not only serves to identify blocks in the reservoir but also minimizes matrix computations in obtaining the solution of linear equations. (1,5) (2,5) (3,5) (4,5) (1,4) (2,4) (3,4) (4,4) (1,3) (2,3) (3,3) (4,3) (1,2) (2,2) (3,2) (4,2) (1,1) (2,1) (3,1) (4,1) Figure 2-4 Engineering notation for block identification.
Figure2-18a s h o w s that b l o c k ( i , j , k ) is s u r r o u n d e d by b l o c k s ( i - l , j , k ) and (i + 1 , j , k ) in the r direction, and by blocks ( i , j - l,k) and ( i , j + 1,k) in the Odirection. In addition, the figure shows the boundaries between block ( i , j , k ) and its neighboring blocks: b l o c k b o u n d a r i e s ( i - ~ , j , k ) , (i+~,j,k), (i,j-~,k), and ( i , j + ~ , k ) . Figure 2-18b shows that block ( i , j , k ) is surrounded by blocks ( i , j , k - l) and ( i , j , k + 1) in the z direction.
Pi j k~l -- Pi,j,k) -- Yi,j,k+l/2 t i,j,k+l Zi,j,k)] q~k - a---~t'~B ~i'j'k ~B ji'j'k~ where k Ax [ k A ] Li,j ...... ~---(/~c ~B~y)ij ...... -? 1 1 )YiJ ...... 39a) 1 ...... --- Gy, j ...... ( ~ - B ) Y i , j 1 G j .... ( ~ ) z j ...... 39b) .... 39c) Expressions for the geometric factors O for irregular grids in heterogeneous reservoirs are presented in Chapters 4 and 5. It should be mentioned that the interblock flow terms in the flow equations for 1D (Eq. 33), 2D (Eq. 37), or 3D (Eq. 38) problems appear in the sequence shown in Figure 2-13 for neighboring blocks.